This Day in History: February 9

Screen Shot 2015-02-19 at 10.09.36 AM1861- Tennessee voted against secession, thereby remaining with the Union. However, two months later Fort Sumter was attacked on April 12, causing President Lincoln to call for 75,000 volunteers to restore order in the seceded states. Lincoln’s declaration of war resulted in a turning of Tennessee public opinion against the Union. Tennessee ultimately seceded and joined the Confederacy on June 8, 1861.

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1943- The Battle of Guadalcanal, an island in the south-western Pacific, ended with an American victory over the Japanese. Initiating on August 5 of the previous year, the campaign was the first major offensive by the Allied Powers against Japan. In six months, 7,100 Allied and 31,000 Japanese soldiers died the fighting. Suffering a loss of not only manpower but also a large number of ships, planes, and other resources. Japan was consequently put on the defensive as the Allies began to push the Japanese back towards Tokyo.

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1960- The first star is placed on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. Joanne Woodward, an actress best known for her Academy Award-Winning role in The Three Faces of Eve, was granted the honor of being the inaugural star laid on the walk. The Hollywood Walk of Fame now stretches 18 city blocks and contains over 2,500 terrazzo and brass stars dedicated to acclaimed individuals of the entertainment industry; among them Woodward’s husband Paul Newman, perhaps one of the most accredited actors of the twentieth-century.